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Creating an NLB Cluster

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Before an NLB cluster can be created, a few bits of information are required. The NLB cluster is actually clustering based on a defined IP address, the DNS name, and the TCP/IP ports that will be used. Each NLB cluster node can also be configured with multiple network cards. Each card can be associated with a different NLB cluster and a single card can support multiple clusters, but each cluster must have a different DNS name and IP address(es). One configuration that cannot be performed is creating a single NLB cluster that uses multiple network adapters in a single node. To designate multiple adapters for a single NLB cluster, third-party network teaming software must be loaded prior to configuring the NLB cluster; the cluster will use the Virtual Team Network adapter and the teamed physical adapters should not be configured with NLB. For this example, a new NLB cluster will be created for the name www.companyabc.com using the IP address of 192.168.206.50. To create an NLB cluster, perform the following steps:

1. Log on to a Windows Server 2008 R2 system with an account that has local administrator rights and that has the NLB feature already installed.

2. Click Start, click All Programs, click Administrative Tools, and select Network Load Balancing Manager.

3. When the Network Load Balancing Manager console opens, click the Cluster menu, and select New to create a new cluster.

4. When the New Cluster window opens, type in the name of the first server that will be added to the new NLB cluster, and click Connect. If the server is a remote system and cannot be contacted, ensure that the Inbound Remote Administration exception has been enabled in the remote system’s firewall.

5. When the server is contacted, each of the network adapters will be listed, select the adapter that will be used for the NLB cluster, as shown in Figure 29.16, and click Next.

6. On the Host Parameters page, accept the defaults of giving this first server the Host ID of 1 and select the dedicated IP address that will be used when communication is received for the NLB cluster IP address, which will be specified next. Click Next to continue.

7. On the Cluster IP Addresses page, click the Add button to specify an IPv4 address and subnet mask or an IPv6 address to use for the NLB cluster, and click OK. For our example, we will use the IPv4 configuration of 192.168.206.50/255.255.255.0.

8. Back on the Cluster IP Addresses page, add additional cluster IP addresses as required, and click Next to continue.

9. On the Clusters Parameters page, enter the fully qualified DNS name that is associated with the IP address specified on the previous page, and select whether it will be used for Unicast traffic, Multicast traffic, or IGMP Multicast. This choice depends on the network communication of the service or application that will be used in this NLB cluster. For this example, we are creating an NLB cluster for standard web traffic, so we will use www.companyabc.com as the Internet name and select Unicast as the cluster operation mode.

10. If multiple IP addresses were defined on the previous page, the IP address can be chosen from the IP address drop-down list, and the Internet name and cluster operation mode can be defined for each additional address. When all the IP addresses have had their properties defined, click Next to continue.

11. On the Port Rules page, a default rule is precreated that allows all traffic on all ports to be load-balanced across the NLB cluster between the cluster IP address and the dedicated IP address of the local server’s dedicated IP address. Select this rule and click the Remove button to delete it.

12. Click the Add button to create a new port rule.

13. When the Add/Edit Port Rule window opens, type in the starting and ending port range, for example 80 and 80 for a single HTTP port rule, but do not close the window.

14. Under protocols, select the TCP option button, but do not close the window.

15. In the Filtering Mode section, select Multiple Host, and select Single Affinity, but do not close the window.

16. Finally, review the settings, and click OK to create the port rule.

17. Back on the Port Rules page, click the Add button to create an additional port rule.

18. Specify the starting port as 0 and the ending port as 79, select Both for the protocol’s configuration, select the Disable This Port Range Filtering mode, and click OK to create the rule.

19. Back in the Port Rules page, click the Add button to create one more port rule.

20. Specify the starting port as 81 and the ending port as 65535, select Both for the protocol’s configuration, select the Disable This Port Range Filtering mode, and click OK to create the rule.

21. Back on the Port Rules page, review the list of port rules and if the rules look correct, click Finish.

22. Back in the Network Load Balancing Manager window, the cluster will be created and brought online. The cluster IP addresses are automatically added to the TCP properties of the designated network adapter. Close the NLB Manager and log off of the server.

Source of Information : Sams - Windows Server 2008 R2 Unleashed (2010)

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