Exchange Server Authentication and Security

In Exchange Server 2010, e-mail addresses, distribution groups, and other directory resources are stored in the directory database provided by Active Directory. Active Directory is a directory service running on Windows domain controllers. When there are multiple domain controllers, the controllers automatically replicate directory data with each other using a multimaster replication model. This model allows any domain controller to process directory changes and then replicate those changes to other domain controllers.

The first time you install Exchange Server 2010 in a Windows domain, the installation process updates and extends Active Directory to include objects and attributes used by Exchange Server 2010. Unlike Exchange Server 2003 and earlier releases of Exchange, this process does not include updates for the Active Directory Users And Computers Snap-In for Microsoft Management Console (MMC), and you do not use Active Directory Users And Computers to manage mailboxes, messaging features, messaging options, or e-mail addresses associated with user accounts. You perform these tasks using the Exchange Management tools.

Exchange Server 2010 fully supports the Windows Server security model and relies on this security mechanism to control access to directory resources. This means you can control access to mailboxes and membership in distribution groups and you can perform other Exchange security administration tasks through the standard Windows Server permission set. For example, to add a user to a distribution group, you simply make the user a member of the distribution group in Active Directory Users And Computers.

Because Exchange Server uses Windows Server security, you can’t create a mailbox without first creating a user account that will use the mailbox. Every Exchange mailbox must be associated with a domain account—even those used by Exchange for general messaging tasks. For example, the SMTP and System Attendant mailboxes that Exchange Server uses are associated by default with the built-in System user. In the Exchange Management Console, you can create a new user account as part of the process of creating a new mailbox.

To support coexistence with Exchange Server 2003, all Exchange Server 2010 servers are automatically added to a single administrative group when you install Exchange Server 2010. this administrative group is recognized in the Exchange System Manager in Exchange Server 2003 as “Exchange Administrative Group.” Although Exchange Server 2003 uses administrative groups to gather Exchange objects for the purposes of delegating permission to manage those objects, Exchange Server 2007 and Exchange Server 2010 do not use administrative groups. Instead, you manage Exchange servers according to their roles and the type of information you want to manage using the Exchange Management Console.

Source of Information : Microsoft Press - Exchange Server 2010 Administrators Pocket Consultant

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